Following a healthy lifestyle and regular exercise helps prevent, control and reduce breast cancer.
• Nutrition and fitness tips to combat or reduce the risk of breast cancer:
The level of physical activity has a positive correlation with breast cancer risk reduction, as it showed a 21% reduction in the level of risk by exercising approximately two and a half hours per week compared to no exercise at all.
Following exercise, after consulting a doctor, helps reduce depression and anxiety, increase energy and strength, strengthen the immune system, and reduce psychological stress. As exercise has a positive effect on patients with breast cancer, it reduces the side effects of treatment such as nausea and physical exhaustion.
It is also recommended to start gradually to reach 30-45 minutes of physical activity per day.
Moderate: Walking, Cycling, Swimming.
Intense: Resistance Exercises, Aerobic exercises and Running.
Cancer patients may sometimes find it difficult to eat during treatment. Feeling sick or losing appetite after undergoing chemotherapy is normal. The patient should not underestimate the importance of food.
Healthy food works to strengthen the body and fight disease. By following a varied and balanced diet after the diagnosis of breast cancer, it has been proven effective in combating the disease, overcoming the side effects, enhancing and strengthening immunity, rebuilding damaged tissues and cells, and reducing the risk of developing cancer again. Therefore, it is advised to:
- Eating all sources of essential nutrients such as vegetables, fruits, proteins, carbohydrates, vitamins, minerals, and water.
- Avoid additives during food processing and reduce the use of canned foods and fast food and replace them with home cooking.
- Wash fruits and vegetables well.
- Choose foods from plant sources that contain high fiber.
- Eat whole fruits instead of drinking juices.
- Eating foods that contain substances with anti-cancer and anti-oxidant properties.
- It is recommended to add the right spices such as turmeric because they have anti-inflammatory properties.
Protein is one of the essential elements for the rehabilitation of the body during the treatment period, and helps to overcome the feeling of fatigue and lethargy. It is advised to diversify and add plant protein sources such as legumes, beans, beans, broccoli, Brussels sprouts, lentils, nuts, oats, potatoes, spinach and wild rice.
The body needs essential fats that work to absorb some vitamins such as A, E, D, and K. Healthy fats also help support brain and heart health while keeping you feeling full, and providing your body with needed energy.
Of the healthy fats, omega-3, which is found in avocados, nuts, seeds, olives, and also vegetable oils such as olive oil and avocado.
It is recommended to eat low-fat foods, such as dairy products and low-fat protein products. A study in the US, Eat Right magazine indicates that eating a lot of processed, high-fat meat, whether it’s fried or cooked for a long time, increases the risk of breast cancer.
Carbohydrates are found in many whole foods such as fruits, vegetables and legumes. It is recommended to eat complex carbohydrates such as oats, brown rice and quinoa, because they are a rich source of vitamins and minerals and work to balance blood sugar and improve digestion.
Fiber is found in fruits and vegetables, and it is recommended to eat 25-35 g per day. The American Cancer Society showed in a study that women who consumed more than 28-25 grams of dietary fiber daily during school years, had a 13% lower risk of breast cancer in later stages of life, compared to those who ate less than 15 grams of dietary fiber.
Finally, psychological support is just as important as drug treatment for people with breast cancer. Since the support and assistance for women with breast cancer is important, the more the affected woman feels the support and psychological support, the higher the recovery rate, God willing.
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